Indian Ethanol Industry
- Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, is a flammable and colorless chemical compound. Ethanol produced by or from a biological source is Bioethanol.
- Bioethanol is made from sugar plants (sugar beet or sugar cane), Molasses, and starch (grain, mostly corn and tubers such as cassava) and cellulose plants.
Ethanol Doping Chronology
Govt. of India decides to use 5% ethanol blending with petrol in 9 states and 4 union territories
First year of fuel ethanol program. 158 million litres consumed out of planned 300 million litres.
Government withdrew the mandatory use of 5% ethanol blending due to shrinkage in Cane Production and resulting shortage of molasses
Restart of program with voluntary blending by oil companies. Only possible in 7 states.
Expected rollout of 5% blending across the country (except north-east and island states).
Annual volume 560 million litres
5 % Ethanol blending made mandatory, Procedure started.
Ethanol from Direct Sugarcane Juice is Permitted.
10 % blending made Optional.
Government plan for 10% blending across the country expected.
Mandatory mixing of 5% ethanol in petrol from December 2012 by the CCEA
National Biofuel Plan – 20% blending across the country.
Government of India Cabinet approves National Policy on Biofuels – 2018
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Highlights of the policy
- The Policy categorises biofuels as “Basic Biofuels”.
- The Policy expands the scope of raw material.
- Policy allows use of Sugarcane Juice, Sugar Beet, Sweet Sorghum, Corn, Cassava, wheat, broken rice, Rotten Potatoes for production of ethanol .
- Expected Benefits:
- Reduce Import Dependency
- Cleaner Environment
- Health benefits
- Municipal Solid Waste Management
- Infrastructural Investment in Rural Areas
- Employment Generation
- Additional Income to Farmers