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 ETHANOL IN INDIA - INFORMATION AND USEFUL LINKS

India imports nearly 70% of its annual crude petroleum requirement, which is approximately 110 million tons. The prices are in the range of US$ 50-70 per barrel, and the expenditure on crude purchase is in the range of Rs.1600 billion per year, impacting in a big way, the country's foreign exchange reserves.

The petroleum industry now looks very committed to the use of ethanol as fuel, as it is expected to benefit sugarcane farmers as well as the oil industry in the long run. Ethanol (FUEL ETHANOL) can also be produced from wheat, corn, beet, sweet sorghum etc. Ethanol is one of the best tools to fight vehicular pollution, contains 35% oxygen that helps complete combustion of fuel and thus reduces harmful tailpipe emissions. It also reduces particulate emissions that pose a health hazard.

This website with an aim to promote the production of ethanol brings together all the information required (ETHANOL PLANT MACHINERY & TECHNOLOGY, PROJECT FINANCE, GOVT SCHEMES & APPROVALS FOR FUEL ETHANOL PLANTS , ETHANOL DISTILLATION, ETHANOL PRODUCTION, FERMENTATION, MOLECULAR SIEVE TECHNOLOGY , FUEL ETHANOL PLANTS COMMISSIONED.) for the ethanol producer. Plans to set up an online ethanol marketplace connecting buyers and suppliers.
               


UPCOMING EVENTS AND CONFERENCES:
 

 

ETHANOL AS A FUEL

In the first phase of the project, ethanol- blended petrol is being supplied through retail outlets in nine States and four Union Territories. These states are Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. The four Union Territories include Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu and Pondicherry. Petrol blended with 5 per cent ethanol would be supplied by petrol pumps all over the country under the second phase towards the end of the year. The content of ethanol blending would be increased to 10 per cent in the third phase of the programme scheduled for 2005.

Ethanol is used as an automotive fuel by itself and can be mixed with gasoline to form what has been called "gasohol" Fuel Ethanol- the most common blends contain 10% ethanol and 85% ethanol mixed with gasoline. Over 1 billion gallons of ethanol are blended with gasoline every year in the United States. Because the ethanol molecule contains oxygen, it allows the engine to more completely combust the fuel, resulting in fewer emissions. Since ethanol is produced from plants that harness the power of the sun, ethanol is also considered a renewable fuel. Therefore, ethanol has many advantages as an automotive fuel. 


Most industrial ethanol is denatured to prevent its use as a beverage. Denatured ethanol contains small amounts, 1 or 2 percent each, of several different unpleasant or poisonous substances. The removal of all these substances would involve a series of treatments more expensive than the federal excise tax on alcoholic beverages (currently about $20 per gallon). These denaturants render ethanol unfit for some industrial uses. In such industries un denatured ethanol is used under close federal supervision.

 

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